Due Date: March 7, 2019 [2019-03-07, Thursday of week 08]
The following guidelines are expected for all homework submissions:
- All homework must be typed. Homework which is not typed will be returned ungraded and will be
subject to the late homework guidelines as set out on the syllabus page. PLEASE DO NOT scribble
something on lined paper and rip it out of your spiral notebook — hanging chads went out
with the presidential election in 2000.
- I don't care too much about what font you use or how large your margins are; however, you might
want to check out a monospaced font for typing code, as it will be easy to see the indentations.
- Speaking of indenting, PLEASE DON'T USE TABS TO INDENT YOUR CODE. Tabs can often get interpreted
differently by different computers and applications, and could make code that is nicely formatted
on your computer look
all over the map on my computer or printer. USE SPACES INSTEAD.
You can set up almost every modern text editor to insert spaces whenever you press the TAB key, or
you can simply pound the spacebar.
- Work with a partner. I can't stress this enough; part of this policy is don't
split up the work – WORK TOGETHER on the assignment. This activity mimics
an industry code development model called
pair programming which is part of the Extreme
Programming software development method. Feel free to collaborate in your pairs as much as you
want, doing the entire assignment together.
- DO NOT share your work between groups. Doing so will count as plagiarism. If you wish to discuss
solutions with another group over coffee in the Lair, that's fine as long as it is kept at the
conceptual and you don't share your code between groups. Each group needs to turn in its
own version of the solutions.
- You only need to turn in one copy per group.
- Submit your homework through GitHub, in your repository, and be sure to make
me a contributor so I have been allowed access. I cannot evaluate what I
cannot see! If I cannot upload to your repo, you will not get a grade for the assignment.
Problems for Assignment #2
- In the mutex-locking pseudocode of Figure 4.10 on page 111, there are two consecutive steps that remove
the current thread from the runnable threads and then unlock the spinlock. Because spinlocks should be
held as briefly as possible, we ought to consider whether these steps could be reversed, as shown in
Figure 4.28 [on page 148]. Explain why reversing them would be a bad idea by giving an example sequence
of events where the reversed version malfunctions.
- Suppose the first three lines of the audit method in Figure 4.27 on page 144 were replaced by the
following two lines:
Explain why this would be a bug.
int seatsRemaining = state.get().getSeatsRemaining();
int cashOnHand = state.get().getCashOnHand();
- IN JAVA: Write a test program in Java for the
BoundedBuffer class of Figure
4.17 on page 119 of the textbook.
- IN JAVA: Modify the
BoundedBuffer class of Figure 4.17 [page 119] to call
notifyAll() only when inserting into an empty buffer or retrieving from a full buffer. Test
that the program still works using your test program from the previous exercise.
- Suppose T1 writes new values into x and y and T2 reads the values of both x and y. Is it possible for T2
to see the old value of x but the new value of y? Answer this question three times: once assuming the use
of two-phase locking, once assuming the
read committed isolation level is used and is implemented
with short read locks, and once assuming snapshot isolation. In each case, justify your answer.
- Assume a page size of 4 KB and the page mapping shown in Figure 6.10 on page 225. What are the virtual
addresses of the first and last 4-byte words in page 6? What physical addresses do these translate into?
- At the lower right of Figure 6.13 on page 236 are page numbers 1047552 and 1047553. Explain how these
page numbers were calculated.
- Write a program that loops many times, each time using an inner loop to access every 4096th element of
a large array of bytes. Time how long your program takes per array access. Do this with varying array
sizes. Are there any array sizes when the average time suddenly changes? Write a report in which you
explain what you did, and the hardware and software system context in which you did it, carefully enough
that someone could replicate your results.
- Figure 7.20 [page 324] contains a simple
C program that loops three times, each time calling the
fork() system call. Afterward it sleeps for 30 seconds. Compile and run this program, and
while it is in its 30-second sleep, use the ps command in a second terminal window to get a listing of
processes. How many processes are shown running the program? Explain by drawing a
of the processes, with one box for each process and a line connecting each (except the first one) to its